• The History of the Typewriter

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    The History of the TypewriterBlack typewriter

    The last UK Typewriter 21st November 2012
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-20406546#

    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Typewriter

    A typewriter is a mechanical or electromechanical device with keys that, when pressed, cause characters to be printed on a medium, usually paper. Typically one character is printed for keypress, and the machine prints the characters by making ink impressions of type elements similar to the sorts used in movable type letterpress printing.

    After their invention in the 1860s, typewriters quickly became indispensable tools for practically all writing other than personal correspondence. They were widely used by professional writers, in offices, and for business correspondence in private homes. By the end of the 1980s, word processors and personal computers had largely displaced typewriters in most of these uses.

    old 3Notable typewriter manufacturer companies have included E. Remington and Sons, IBM, Imperial Typewriters, Oliver Typewriter Company, Olivetti, Royal Typewriter Company, Smith Corona, and Underwood Typewriter Company.

    Fascinating facts about the invention of the
    Typewriter
    by Christopher Latham Sholes in 1867

    AT A GLANCE:

    The evolution of the typewriter is part of the ongoing history of the human need to communicate. Gradually a machine emerged that revolutionized the work of the writer. In 1867, Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soule invented the first practical mechanical typewriter machine.

    Milestones:old 1

    1714 The first patent for a ‘writing machine’ was given to Henry Mill of England
    1829 William Burt of the US patented his typographer machine
    1868 Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soule patent type writing machine
    1872 Thomas Alva Edison builds first electric typewriter
    1873 Remington & Sons mass produces the Sholes & Glidden typewriter
    1978 Olivetti Company and the Casio Company develope electronic typewriter

    The Story:

    The idea behind the typewriter was to apply the concept of movable type developed by Johann Gutenberg in the invention of the printing press century to a machine for individual use. Descriptions of such mechanical writing machines date to the early eighteenth century. In 1714, a patent something like a typewriter was granted to a man named Henry Mill in England, but no example of Mills’ invention survives.
    In 1829, William Burt from Detroit, Michigan patented his typographer which had characters arranged on a rotating frame. However, Burt’s machine, and many of those that followed it, were cumbersome, hard to use, unreliable and often took longer to produce a letter than writing it by hand.

    Finally, in 1867, a Milwaukee, Wisconsin printer-publisher-politician named Christopher Latham Sholes, with assistance from Carlos Glidden and Samuel Soule, patented what was to be the first useful typewriter. He licensed his patent to Remington & Sons of Ilion, New York, a noted American gun maker. In 1874, the Remington Model 1, the first commercial typewriter, was placed on the market.

    Based on Sholes’ mechanical typewriter, the first electric typewriter was built by Thomas Alva Edison in the United States in 1872, but the widespread use of electric typewriters was not common until the 1950s.

    The electronic typewriter, a typewriter with an electronic “memory” capable of storing text, first appeared in 1978. It was developed independently by the Olivetti Company in Italy and the Casio Company in Japan.

    Source: http://www.ideafinder.com/history/inventions/typrwriter.htmolympia typewriter

    Copyright © 1997 – 2007  The Great Idea Finder  All rights reserved.

  • What is a Virtual Assistant?

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    Definition of a Virtual Assistant, from: AMF Typing Services

    A Virtual Assistant is a person who works for many clients, providing office administration, web design, social media, etc.
    We communicates with clients via telephone, email, Skype; we may never meet our clients face to face.
    A person who works independently from his/her own virtual office.
    An office administration person, with at least 10 years of office experience as a PA/Secretary or Office Manager etc.
    A person who can work alone.
    A person with exceptional time management and prioritisation skills.
    Someone who can run an office and liaise with clients on an on-going basis.
    Someone with a bit of management experience can learn quickly and who is at ease with software.
    We have to be pro-active and assertive, and friendly.
    Virtual Assistants are Business Owners, who run their own companies, do their own marketing, networking, bookkeeping etc.
    Becoming a Virtual Assistant is a career choice within a worldwide industry

    Can we be of virtual assistance to you! Can we help you VIRTUALLY?

    • We can prepare your company administration for you on a monthly basis or as and when.typist 6
    • Do you get your company invoices out on time; do you have time to follow up with clients who do not pay you on time?
    • Do you need to send out emails, do you have lists of clients who you need to contact regularly?
    • Do you have a newsletter that you need to get out to your clients and it is not going out on time, because you are just so busy?
    • Are you out of your office for hours at a time and your telephone are left ringing and no one answers, therefore you lose business?
    • Do you  need someone to keep your company updated on social media, (Twitter, Facebook, Linked in etc)

    We can provide all these Services and more; this will free you, to spend more time on your business.

    • You could be just starting out your business and need office assistance.
    • You could be a Business Person/Entrepreneur on the run, in and out of the office all day and never get around to your office administration therefore it falls behind.Transcritpion 2
    • You could be a Dietician, Architect, Hairdresser, Plumber, Migration Agents, you will need appointments with clients, and it can take time to set up appointments.
    • What about if you are a Doctor and you do lots of dictation of your patients notes and reports, we can transcribe it for you, we have medical transcriptionists who specialise in the typing of medical transcription.
    • How about if you are a Legal Attorney and need your pleadings, briefs, client letters, court transcriptions, transcribed
    • Why not use the services of Virtual Assistants. It will save you time and money.
    • What about all that company typing you require, it is just does not getting done, your secretary is overworked, were typing experts and can type anything from basic typing to complicated flow diagrams, graphics, graphs, company structure charts, spreadsheets, reports, tenders, business plans etc.

    We can help you virtually!

     Alison Fourie, VAcertified, AMF Typing Services/Tavasa

    © Copyright 2014 AMF Typing Services cc.  All rights reserved.

  • Transcription Services

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    Transcription/Dictaphone

    What does a client look for when looking for assistance with Transcription

    As a client what do you look for when you want assistance with a typing task. Are you looking for the cheapest assistance you can find or are you looking for someone with the experience needed to do the task you require.

    Let me use the two common tasks that Virtual Assistant offer to clients: Typing and Transcription Services.

    Do you as the client, care about how your work is done, if so, then price can be the object, but not the deciding factor in getting assistance, you will look for someone with the experience to assist you, and you must have the confidence in that person that they can do the job the way you would like it done. It is much better to go with the person with the experience you need for the task that you require the VA to do for you. If you send Transcription to a person with very little experience in this skill you will end up having to resend your work to someone else to redo and finish it. Ask the VA about their experience, ask how long they have been doing this skill, ask do they proof read and spell check their work as not everyone does, it sometimes is not part of the job for some people to check what they are doing.

    Do you want your transcription done at the cheapest possible price, does getting the job done as cheap as you can, mean that the service quality will not be as it would be with someone with experience. Any can offer typing and transcription services but what is their experience.

    If I was looking for someone to assist me I would look at the experience that person has in the skills they offer. If I required a job done urgent, I would look to the person’s skill and experience. Clients require a transcriptionist to assist them and often this task is urgent but they want to pay the least amount of money for this task. Transcription is a skill that has been learnt and perfected by transcriptionist’s. Transcription is not typing it is more involved, using listening, concentration, sentence construction, layout, punctuation etc., skills. You have to know where to put in your punctuation etc. This is a task you cannot just give to anyone at the cheapest possible price if you do you must expect to get the service from the person that the price dictates. An experienced transcriptionist will not offer to do your work for a cheap price as she knows what is involved with that work, she knows the time it will take to complete and she will provide a quality service to you.

    Ask the VA or Transcriptionist how long she has been doing this task, ask has she experience in transcribing focus groups, have they transcribed court cases. If there is more involved within your typing than just plain copy (coping text), if there is graphs involved, flow diagrams ask the VA has she experience in this. You have a problem if you assume they can do this and then send them work that they cannot complete as they don’t know how to do a flow diagram and then they send you back a flow diagram as a scanned image, is this what you want, often no its not, often you want that diagram to fit nicely within your document so you want it created, not everyone has this experience.

     

    © Copyright 2014 AMF Typing Services cc.  All rights reserved.

  • Typing Services

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    What is involved with offering Typing as a service?

    Can anyone type, yes but can everyone offer typing as a service? Typing can be more than just copy typing. Typing can involve creating spreadsheets, equations, figures, graphs, charts etc or even creating graphics. So you need to ask your prospective client what is involved with the typing before quoting.

    • Is the typing just plain copy typing, what you see is what you type, is there any tables, graphs, charts as they must then be created, you might have to create a graph or chart in excel and copy it across to word, that is time taking and is not straight copy typing, as you must create the graph etc. Sometimes you might have to scan an image from an book, so that means you need to scan it on a scanner and then resize to insert it into your document, so that is not straight copy typing. You might need to find an image on the Internet, so that will involve research, finding the image. You might have to create a graphic, the client might have drawn an image, maybe a flow diagram, you will need to recreate this in the document this can also involve using graphic software then copy and insert within your document, and also this is very time consuming.
    • A client might send you to copy a PDF document for typing. Not all PDF conversion software works nicely when you convert a PDF document into word. You might find you still have to reformat the document this is time taking and often much quicker to just type the document from scratch. Note here the client will know the document is not typed from scratch, they will know you have used conversion software to convert the document and often this is not the quickest route to take.
    • You might need to firstly print out what the client has sent you so that you can type from it, it takes time to print out a document, and it costs to print from a printer.
    • At the end of your document you need to proofread and perform a spell check, this should be part of your quote or terms and condition; this task must always be done. Make sure you list this so that clients can see that you perform this task.
    • Sometimes clients might want their document saved to a memory stick (flash drive) you need to charge for this as it is time taking and you maybe you need to a buy the memory stick.
    • If you offer typing as a service make sure you state that you can create graphs, tables, charts, brochures, graphics, spreadsheets, PowerPoint presentations. Do not assume all typing is simple copy typing, often it is more involved.
    • You may need to insert equations, this takes extra time to do this, so make sure you feature this time into the length of time it will takes you to complete the typing.
    • You can no longer send large files through email and often you have to make use of Google docs, Dropbox, Send this File etc so make sure that your Internet bundle (capped or uncapped) can cope with offering typing. Files will need to be downloaded and uploaded. A file with graphics, graphs etc will take time to load and is very time consuming loading to Send this File or Dropbox etc, especially if it has more than 20 pages. A large manual with graphics, graphs and flows, a large spreadsheet, a PowerPoint presentation can take a few hours to upload, you have to remember this when it comes to your deadline and getting the work back to the client in time.
    • If you contract typing out to a subcontractor make sure you check the work thoroughly and ask the subcontractor to make sure they proof their own work then you double proof the work when you get it back. Often a subcontractor will just do the work and send it back to you and tell you it is proofed, don’t make the mistake of sending it to the client without you doing a proofread and spell check. You are the one the work is sent to from your client and not the subcontractor so it is up to you to make sure you send back a quality document.
    • When offering typing services sometimes you will get in tasks that you don’t like doing, maybe lots of figure typing, typing of tables, this can be boring for some, listen to music as you type, this will help the time go a bit quicker.
    • When pricing typing the norm is to charge on a per page basis but it can also be done on an hourly rate, whichever works out best for you, is what you offer.
    • Authors and students may ask you for a charge per word, roughly you normally get ±750/1000 words to an A4 page at Ariel at a size 12 font.
    • If you have a table within the document, check out the other tables within the document, maybe you can just copy and paste your first one and just change the data, this can save you time.
    • Know how many pages you can do in an hour, day, or week so that you can let the client know if you can reach their deadline, remember if you have graphics, graphs, charts etc within a document it might take you longer to create these so therefore affecting the time it takes to complete your document.
    • Ask for client preferences: fonts, size of text, colour in graphs, flow diagrams, spacing, justification, ask if the client can provide you with the company logo’s/graphics, templates if required. etc.
    • Do not take on typing work if you do not know how to do it, you can subcontract it out, if that is the case make sure your subcontract has the experience to do the job.